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Category Archives: Home Improvement

All about Gasoline Generator

In the past when we had power outages we would light candles or a turn on a flashlight, and if the weather was cold we’d light the fireplace in order to keep warm. Now there is nothing wrong about doing that, but this only works for a short time. You still have to be concerned about the fact that there are things that need to be powered on a continuance basis. For instance if you depend on power to draw water from a well and you have no power, your sump pump will not work, nor your security system, you cannot heat or cook your meals and now you will be stuck. You want to be safe and secure by having a backup system in the event that a power outage could occur at any time.

Here are some specifications for a 6.5 HP 3,500 W Gasoline Generator.

Specification:

W/EPA Approved Gas Engine Electric Start

120 VAC /60 Hz

3500 Watts

6.5 HP / 3600 RPM EPA Engine

4 Stroke, OHV Forced Air-Cooled

Steel Roll Cage & Isolation Mounts

Fuel Tank Capacity: 15 liter

Lube Oil Capacity: 0.6 Liter

Fuel: Unleaded Gasoline

Operated Oil: SF or Higher Grade

Electric Start for the Gasoline Generator:

1. Make sure the generator stands on a firm solid surface

2. Turn off all the Electric Loads

3. Turn on the Fuel Valve

4. Turn on Battery Switch

5. Turn on Ignition Switch

6. No choke to be pulled

7. Press and hold start button, release if it does not start in 5 seconds then try again

8. Let run a few minutes before using

Always make sure that you have plenty of gasoline on hand just in case the need arises for the generator to go back into service again. Periodically clean the air filter and keep it dust free for better service and longer life.

Turning off the Generator:

1. Turn off all Electrical Devices

2. Allow to run a few minutes to cool down (idle mode)

3. Turn fuel off

4. Turn engine and battery switch OFF

Pick the Right Wiring System

1. Safety:

Of course safety is our cardinal concern. We want everything to be safe from electricity hazards. Wires should protect the equipment from damage by being resistant to physical or fire damage. If you need extra protection from fire hazards then conduit wiring is the best option to choose from.

2. Wiring cost:

Next to safety is wiring cost. This is a myth that more the money invested; more would be the safety. You want your apartment to be safe this doesn’t mean that only a huge amount of bucks can fulfill that but vice versa is equally true even. Wiring system should be cost effective and safe both at the same time. It shouldn’t be exorbitant for you to afford.

3. Load:

There are always voltage fluctuations and your choice of wire should be capable of handling voltage loads. Thin wires cannot hold such fluctuations and may lead to short circuits easily. Pay close attention while deciding on a wire. Keep in mind that lesser the diameter of the wire lower is the load efficiency.

4. Durability And Permanence:

Wiring system is more of a permanent system and not changed frequently. So it should be durable enough to withstand temperature changes, moisture, fumes and chemicals. It shouldn’t over heat while high voltage levels. What makes a wire durable? The materials it is made of. Check the material used in wire, level and type of sheathing material used. The main point is resistance check.

5. Appearance:

What appearance has to do with wiring? It is because you want wires to be identifiable. Wires should have an aesthetic appeal to them and colour for you to identify easily. Again, make sure aesthetics do not cost you much.

Emergency Generators for Homes

For home owners, an emergency generator can be considered a waste because it is not often used and blackouts and other natural disasters may not hit particular areas for more than 20 years. Buying an emergency generator is not about whether something will happen but rather on being prepared when something does happen. Most of us should have a fire extinguisher in the house in case of fires. The same should be considered for emergency generators. When there is a massive blackout that last for a few days or weeks, how great and comforting it would be to know that everyday life would not be as disrupted. You can still have heat, light, and yes the TV while your neighbor is left in the cold, without AC, or other necessities. Emergency generators can be compared to insurance for the house. We don’t expect anything to happen but we pay a premium just in case. An emergency generator is a one time purchase that should last several years when properly maintained and when a blackout out or natural disaster does occur, you are well prepared.

Some areas may be more at risk without an emergency generator than others. A home owner in Florida or southern Louisiana which is more prone to hurricanes or homeowners in very cold winters areas may find emergency generators more useful than say an area where natural disasters are pretty much nonexistent and weather will not cause severe injury. States in tornado alley probably will find emergency generators more useful than a home owner in Hawaii.

Types of Ventilation Systems

There are three types of systems that you need to know about, helping you identify which ones you need, how they will benefit you and what options are available for each type of ventilation system available. The three options include smoke, natural and mechanical.

Smoke ventilation systems are designed for stairwells, corridors, smoke shafts and roofs. These systems can be valuable in the event of a fire, enabling everyone to get out of the building with minimal risk of smoke inhalation. We all know that hot air rises and the heat and smoke from a fire will rise and taken out of the ventilation system, enabling those inside the building to quickly find their ways out of the fire exits and to the fire assembly point with minimal risk.

Smoke systems are essential in all types of commercial buildings, agricultural buildings, hospitals, hotels and more. They are the ideal choice for high rise buildings, where people need to escape via their stairs to get to safety. The smoke can be reduced as it is drawn out of the ventilation system, providing ample time to get to safety and wait for the fire department to arrive.

Natural ventilation systems are a top choice of buildings, home and more. They come in a variety of options that you can choose from to find the perfect match based on your specific requirements. The benefit of natural ventilation systems is that they don’t work with motorised fans, which can help you save money in the long run.
The natural solutions are based on the fact that hot air rises and uses ventilation vents to draw out the hot air while cooler and natural air enters the building through windows.

One of the options available is the cross ventilation system. This system requires you have your windows open in your office, the system provides a positive pressure which draws fresh air through windows on one side and then as the air rises it is drawn out of the system on the other.

Stack systems are very popular and also works on warm air rising. These systems have a vacuum at a lower level which sucks fresh air into the building; the hot air is then pushed up, escaping through roof vents. This system is very similar to roof vents, which provide the same service, enabling all the hot air to escape through the roof, helping keep the area cool and reducing the need for your air conditioner to run all day, this can also be a cost effective solution helping you save money in the future.

Passive cooling has grown in popularity with larger buildings throughout the world. During the day the floor gets hot as the hot air gets trapped, during the night when the temperatures drop the building is cooled via vents. This means when you get to work the next day, the building is cool and comfortable.

Mechanical ventilation systems are usually chosen when natural ventilation cannot be used. This normally applies to areas which cannot benefit from a natural air flow, such as an underground parking garage. Mechanical systems come with smoke and ventilation solutions, using mechanical fans to draw out the hot and polluted air and pumping in fresh and clean air from outside.

Buy Right Generator for Budget

Identify your requirements

What will you use the generator for? Are you going to use it to power heavy equipment or will you use it for emergency power for your home or business? For home or personal applications, a single phase power generator with 5kW to 30kW will suffice. For industrial applications or to power a large business, three phase power generators from 30 kW to 6 megawatts are recommended.

Research

Many well-known brands offer a comprehensive range of generator sets. To determine which one fits your requirements, do some research. Search the Internet for more information about each brand. Popular brands will most likely have their own websites or suppliers of these brands may have their available generators listed online. You can also check out product listing websites or forums and see what other users have said regarding a particular generator model. Doing some research can give you a better idea of a generator’s specification and price range.

New or used generators

After identifying your needs and doing your research, you can now decide whether to purchase a new generator or a second hand generator. The advantage of a new generator is that it comes with the standard manufacturer’s warranty. However, this warranty may not be cost effective for your intended purpose or budget. Depending on its terms, conditions and coverage period (1 or 2 years), the cost of the warranty will need to be considered with the cost of the generator unit. Also, some new generator models may require buyers to wait before they can acquire the unit because of limited availability.

Used generators usually do not come with a warranty, but the main advantage of purchasing a used generator is its much lower price. A buyer following a strict budget can save up to 50% or even more by purchasing a low-hour used generator instead of a new one. And since most brand manufactured generators are built for industrial strength and durability, the risk that a used generator will not last is often small. When possible, purchase a used generator that was only used for emergency or back-up power. A back-up generator was only used during a power outage or when the mains power supply was down and is likely to have minimal hours of usage.

When buying a used generator, consider purchasing from a trusted generator supplier as they conduct a thorough inspection and testing on any used equipment they sell so you can be sure that their used generator is still in excellent condition.

Tricks Buying Electric Wires

Material:

Usually, two types of materials are used for making electric wires: Aluminum and copper. If you need them for home wiring, we suggest that you always opt for copper quality. Aside from this, you should go for wires with multiple strands rather than single-strand wires. The important thing is that the wire should have a quality mark called ISI. Secondly, you should look for the electrolytic grade. It is recommended that you buy copper wires with an electrolytic grade of 99.97%.

Size of the wire

Usually the most common size of the wires is between 1 sq mm and 4 sq mm. For AC points, the recommended size is 4 or 6 sq mm. For light points, the commonly used size is 1.5 sq mm and so on. It’s very important to go for the right size or you may be wasting your money on unnecessarily thick wires.

Insulation of the wire

Usually, good electric wires come with three layers of insulation. The first layer offers protection from water. The second layer offers protection from heat and the third layer gives protection from fire. Typically, fire and heat resistant products come with a quality mark of HRFR. Ideally, you should look for wires that can withstand a temperature of over 100 Celsius.

Wire insulation color

Since there are three phases, you should choose three different colors for the wires. Mostly, black is for the neutral wire. Green is used for the earth wire. But keep in mind that the color for the neutral and earth can be different based on the country you live in. For instance, in America, the live wires can be blue, red or black. On the other hand, the neutral is white or gray. In India, on the other hand, the green is the earth wire.

Gas Water Heater

If the water heater is not heating the water it could be due to a malfunction with the thermostat. In gas water heater the thermostat is the thermoelectric device called a thermocouple. It is made of a strip of two metals that checks the temperature of the flame from the pilot burner. If the temperature is not sufficient to light the pilot burner then it will shut off the gas supply. If there is a bad thermocouple it could cause the gas supply that remains to shut off even if the water heater is in good condition. If it is not the thermostat then the next thing to check is the pilot burner. The flame that comes from the pilot burner is directed onto the thermocouple. This will allow it to gauge the temperature of the flame and if there is not sufficient heat coming from the pilot burner then it might cause the thermostat to keep the supply of gas turned off.

This is something that the homeowner can fix instead of calling a handyman to fix it. If the thermostat and pilot burner are not positioned so the flame reaches the thermostat at the right intensity you can reposition the assembly to make sure this happens. You also want to make sure that both are free from grime and sediment. You may have to replace one or both of these components if neither are working correctly. If you are not sure what is causing your water to be lukewarm then you may need to call a professional to figure out the problem. If your gas water heater is producing water that is rust-colored it could be corrosion inside the tank due to electrochemical reactions. It could also indicate that the anode heating rod will need to be changed.

LED Power Supplies

The Units Allow Different Configurations

LED power supplies allow you multiple ways of connecting them to LEDs. The most common ways include: series, matrix, parallel and independent strings. Each configuration has its pros and cons and all you need to do is to research and find the right configuration for your setting.

The Units Come Have Many Benefits

There are many benefits that come with installing LED power supplies in your home or place or work. LEDs are designed to operate on low voltage, direct current electricity; however, most applications work on high voltage, alternating current.

An LED power supply converts high voltage, alternating current to low voltage, direct current.

The unit also protects the LEDs from voltage or current fluctuations. This aids in ensuring that your LEDs have a long life.

The Units Need To Be Well Maintained

Just like anything else in life, you have to take good care of your unit for it to last for a long time. One of the things that you need to do is potting. Potting the unit aids in enhancing the ingress protection (IP) rating.

Potting also provides a waterproof barrier that ensures that water doesn’t get access to the components inside the unit.

Experts have also been able to show that potting also aids in reducing the thermal stress on the unit thus increasing reliability and lifespan.

LED High Bay Lights

They save you money

One of the biggest advantages of LED is that it saves you a good deal of money. Other types of lights will cost you a crazy amount of money if kept on for a long time. On the other hand, high bay lights can save you up to 80% on your power bills.

They stand the test of time

LED lights are more durable and stand the test of time. Again, this will save you a good deal of money on cooling. You can save as much as 20% on your air conditioning for instance.

They are sturdy

Another great thing about LED lights is that they are durable and take the damage very well. They don’t tend to flicker unlike other types of lights. Moreover, they don’t require any warm-up period and spread light much better with little distortion.

Eco-friendly

These lights don’t spread any pollution in the environment as they don’t emit any type of poisonous gas.

So, these are some of the main reasons why the industry is opting for the LED technology. Nowadays, you can see these lights in firms and companies. When buying these lights, you should be careful and keep a few things in mind before making the purchase.

Solar Electric System

In general terms, it is the conversion of sunlight into electricity using photovoltaics. The photovoltaic modules are simple and durable. There are no moving parts.

The photovoltaic array sits in sunlight, acting as an energy collector and generator. When the light hits the panels, the cells absorb some of the photons. The energy is transferred to an electron located within the semiconductor material. With the photons, the electron can escape its position within the semiconductor and become part of the electrical current.

Most photovoltaic cells are made from one of two basic designs: thin-film or crystalline silicon. Thin-film actually covers several different designs, including amorphous silicon, copper indium gallium diselenide, and cadmium telluride.

Crystalline silicon modules are fashioned into either multicrystalline ribbon, or monocrystalline silicone. They are also used in more than 80 percent of the current marketplace. However, the thin-film design is the most common in research and development.

In addition to the photovoltaic cells, you will also need other components to make up the array. This includes batteries, charge controllers, and inverters. These components vary depending on what type of system is in use.

When choosing a solar electric setup for your home, you have four main designs from which to choose. The first type is the PV-Direct system. This is the simplest design available. The PV-Direct has the fewest components: only the array and the load. There are no batteries, and it does not hook directly to the utility. This array only powers loads when the sun is shining, so it is only appropriate for applications such as water pumping and ventilation.

Off-grid systems are great for remote locations without utility service. However, you can use this power array just about anywhere. The design allows you to operate all your household’s electrical needs without having to be connected to the city grid. This array is a little more complicated. It must have a battery bank to store the electricity for nighttime and cloudy day use. The bank must also have a charge controller to protect it from overcharge and an inverter to convert the DC power to AC for use with AC household appliances. Users should also have disconnects, monitoring equipment, and electrical safety gear.